Resources

“Intended to contribute to more effective practice in cultural development planning”, this online resource could be used either to help create a new local cultural plan or assess an existing plan. The framework provides measurable outcomes for cultural activity in each of five domains (cultural, economic, environmental, governance and social).

(Les dépenses en culture des municipalités en 2015)

Quebec’s cultural observatory provides an annual summary of a survey of municipalities regarding their spending on the arts, culture, and heritage. Quebec municipalities’ operating expenditures on culture totalled $909 million in 2015, representing 4.8% of total municipal operating expenditures.

This report compares 173 measures of municipal activities in 36 service areas in 2016, one of which is culture. Overall, 15 municipalities from five provinces participated, but only eight reported data on their cultural grants and overall cultural expenditures (Calgary, Greater Sudbury, Hamilton, London, Montreal, Thunder Bay, Toronto, and Windsor).

With comparisons to seven other Canadian municipalities

This report summarizes non-financial supports provided by eight Canadian municipalities to the cultural sector in 2016, based on in-depth discussions and a survey of cultural staff members in the municipalities, which included District of Sechelt (B.C.), Edmonton, Saskatoon, London, Brampton, Mississauga, Greater Sudbury, and Halifax Regional Municipality. Eleven categories of non-monetary, or “indirect”, cultural investments were identified.

This literature review, which examines English-language publications since 2000 related to the non-economic effects of culture, found that there is “a deluge of recent literature citing the (usually positive) impacts of engagement with the arts and, to a lesser extent, heritage”.

This report “aims to summarize research in the areas of theory, evidence, measurement frameworks and indicators” of the social benefits of culture. The review found “wide evidence of positive effects of arts and culture in society” but a lack of “consensus on how to measure the results”.

This brief report focuses on a few studies related to the social and economic benefits of cultural engagement. The review found that “people benefit in multiple ways when there is a vibrant arts and culture base in their community and that taking part or engaging in arts and cultural activities1 has certain positive effects on individual well-being”.

The report indicates that there is “strong support that artistic practice is associated with higher levels of life satisfaction, a more positive self image, less anxiety about change, a more tolerant and open approach to diverse others, and, in some cases, less focus on materialistic values and the acquisition of goods”. For the most part, the findings relate to amateur rather than professional arts practice.