Ontario and Quebec estimates from Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, 2016

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Ontario

Based on Statistics Canada’s product perspective, the direct economic impact of culture products was estimated at $25.7 billion in Ontario in 2016, or 3.5% of provincial GDP. The culture employment estimate was 269,100 in 2016, or 3.8% of all jobs in the province. The value added of culture products in Ontario (3.5%) is higher than in any other province and well above the national average (2.8%), while the employment impact is higher in Ontario (3.8%) than nationally (3.5%).

Between 2010 and 2016, the GDP of culture products grew by 23% in Ontario. Similar growth in the overall provincial economy resulted in a very slight decrease in culture’s share of the provincial economy between 2010 and 2016 (from 3.6% to 3.5%).

The direct contribution of culture industries to GDP was $27.5 billion in Ontario in 2016, which represents 3.7% of provincial GDP. In 2016, there were 286,800 jobs directly related to culture industries in Ontario, or 4.0% of the province’s jobs.

In Ontario, the GDP of culture industries ($27.5 billion) is larger than the value added of agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting ($6.4 billion), accommodation and food services ($15.5 billion), and utilities ($15.6 billion). However, the value added of culture is less than that of transportation and warehousing ($29.9 billion), educational services ($43.1 billion) and construction ($49.1 billion).

The PTCI also provides an estimate of the GDP of sports industries in 2016 ($3.1 billion, or 0.4% of the province’s GDP). The value added of culture ($27.5 billion) is about nine times larger than the sports estimate.

 

Quebec

In 2016, the direct economic impact of culture products was estimated at $11.0 billion in Quebec, or 3.0% of provincial GDP. The culture employment estimate was 161,000 in 2016, or 3.9% of all jobs in Quebec. The value added of culture products in Quebec is slightly above the Canadian average (3.0% in Quebec vs. 2.8% nationally), while the employment impact is much higher in Quebec (4.0%) than nationally (3.5%).

Between 2010 and 2016, the GDP of culture products increased by just 6% in Quebec. Stronger growth in the overall provincial economy resulted in a decrease in culture’s share of the provincial economy between 2010 and 2016 (from 3.4% to 3.0%).

The direct contribution of culture industries to GDP was $12.3 billion in Quebec in 2016, or 3.4% of provincial GDP. In 2016, there were 176,200 jobs directly related to culture industries in Quebec, or 4.3% of all jobs.

In Quebec, the GDP of culture industries ($12.3 billion) is larger than the value added of agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting ($5.5 billion) and accommodation and food services ($8.5 billion). However, the value added of culture is less than that of utilities ($13.5 billion), transportation and warehousing ($15.6 billion), educational services ($21.8 billion) and construction ($24.4 billion).

The PTCI also provides an estimate of the GDP of sports industries in 2016 ($981 million, or 0.2% of the province’s GDP). The value added of culture ($12.3 billion) is nearly 13 times larger than the sports estimate.

Summary: 

Based on Statistics Canada’s product perspective, the direct economic impact of culture products was estimated at $25.7 billion in Ontario in 2016, or 3.5% of provincial GDP. In Quebec, the direct economic impact of culture products was estimated at $11.0 billion in 2016, or 3.0% of provincial GDP.