Western provincial estimates from Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, 2016

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British Columbia

Based on Statistics Canada’s product perspective, the direct economic impact of culture products was estimated at $7.2 billion in British Columbia in 2016, or 2.9% of provincial GDP. The culture employment estimate was 98,200 in 2016, or 4.0% of all jobs in the province. The value added of culture products in B.C. is similar to the national average (2.9% in B.C. vs. 2.8% nationally), while the employment impact is higher in B.C. (4.0%) than in any other province and well above the national average (3.5%).

Between 2010 and 2016, the GDP of culture products grew by 25% in B.C. Strong growth in the overall provincial economy resulted in a very slight decrease in culture’s share of the provincial economy between 2010 and 2016 (from 3.0% to 2.9%).

From the industry perspective, the direct contribution of culture industries to GDP was estimated at $7.8 billion in British Columbia in 2016, or 3.2% of provincial GDP.  In 2016, there were 106,600 jobs directly related to culture industries in B.C., or 4.4% of all jobs in the province.

Intra-provincial comparisons show that the GDP impact of culture industries in B.C. ($7.8 billion) is larger than the value added of agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting ($4.3 billion), utilities ($5.8 billion), accommodation and food services ($7.1 billion), and mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction ($7.6 billion). However, the value added of culture is less than that of educational services ($13.1 billion), transportation and warehousing ($14.5 billion), and manufacturing ($17.0 billion).

The PTCI also provides an estimate of the GDP of sports industries in 2016 ($1.3 billion, or 0.5% of the province’s GDP). The value added of culture ($7.8 billion) is six times larger than the sports estimate.

 

Alberta

In 2016, the direct economic impact of culture products was estimated at $5.3 billion in Alberta, or 1.7% of provincial GDP. The culture employment estimate was 57,800 in 2016, or 2.5% of all jobs in the province. The value added of culture products in Alberta is below the national average (1.7% in Alberta vs. 2.8% nationally), and the employment impact is also lower in Alberta (2.5%) than nationally (3.5%).

Between 2010 and 2016, the GDP of culture products increased by 15% in Alberta. Similar growth in the overall provincial economy resulted in a very slight decrease in culture’s share of the provincial economy between 2010 and 2016 (from 1.8% to 1.7%).

The direct GDP contribution of culture industries was $6.2 billion in Alberta in 2016 (2.1% of provincial GDP). In 2016, there were 64,100 jobs directly related to culture industries in Alberta, or 2.8% of all jobs in the province.

In Alberta, the GDP of culture industries ($6.2 billion) is larger than the value added of utilities ($3.8 billion) and agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting ($4.8 billion). On the other hand, the value added of culture is less than that of accommodation and food services ($6.8 billion), educational services ($12.5 billion), and transportation and warehousing ($14.9 billion).

The PTCI also provides an estimate of the GDP of sports industries in 2016 ($811 million, or 0.2% of the province’s GDP). The value added of culture ($6.2 billion) is almost eight times larger than the sports estimate.

 

Saskatchewan

Based on Statistics Canada’s product perspective, the direct economic impact of culture products was estimated at $915 million in Saskatchewan in 2016, or 1.3% of provincial GDP. The culture employment estimate was 12,900 in 2016, or 2.2% of all jobs in the province. The value added of culture products in Saskatchewan is below the national average (1.3% in SK vs. 2.8% nationally), and the employment impact is also lower in Saskatchewan (2.2%) than nationally (3.5%).

Between 2010 and 2016, the GDP of culture products grew by 17% in Saskatchewan. Similar growth in the overall provincial economy resulted in no change in culture’s share of the provincial economy (1.3% in both 2010 and 2016).

The direct contribution of culture industries to GDP was $1.1 billion in Saskatchewan in 2016, or 1.5% of provincial GDP. In 2016, there were 13,800 jobs directly related to culture industries in Saskatchewan, or 2.3% of the province’s jobs.

In Saskatchewan, the GDP of culture industries ($1.1 billion) is similar to the impact of accommodation and food services ($1.3 billion). However, the value added of culture is less than that of utilities ($1.8 billion), educational services ($3.6 billion), transportation and warehousing ($3.8 billion), construction ($5.6 billion), and agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting ($5.8 billion).

The PTCI also provides an estimate of the GDP of sports industries in 2016 ($265 million, or 0.3% of the province’s GDP). The value added of culture ($1.1 billion) is four times larger than the sports estimate.

 

Manitoba

In 2016, the direct economic impact of culture products was estimated at $1.6 billion in Manitoba, or 2.5% of provincial GDP. The culture employment estimate was 22,500 in 2016, or 3.4% of all jobs in the province. The value added of culture products in Manitoba is slightly below the national average (2.5% in MB vs. 2.8% nationally), but the employment impact is similar in Manitoba (3.4%) to the national average (3.5%).

Between 2010 and 2016, the GDP of culture products increased by 15% in Manitoba. Growth in the overall provincial economy resulted in a slight decrease in culture’s share of the provincial economy between 2010 and 2016 (from 2.7% to 2.5%).

The direct contribution of culture industries to GDP was $1.5 billion in Manitoba in 2016 (2.4% of provincial GDP). In 2016, there were 22,100 jobs directly related to culture industries in Manitoba, or 3.3% of all jobs in the province.

In Manitoba, the GDP of culture industries ($1.5 billion) is larger than the value added of accommodation and food services ($1.2 billion) and equal to that of mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction ($1.5 billion). On the other hand, the value added of culture is less than that of utilities ($2.1 billion), agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting ($2.3 billion), educational services ($3.6 billion), transportation and warehousing ($4.1 billion), and construction ($5.2 billion).

The PTCI also provides an estimate of the GDP of sports industries in 2016 ($275 million, or 0.4% of the province’s GDP). The value added of culture ($1.5 billion) is more than five times larger than the sports estimate.

Summary: 

Based on Statistics Canada’s product perspective, the direct economic impact of culture products in 2016 was estimated at:

  • $7.2 billion in British Columbia, or 2.9% of provincial GDP
  • $5.3 billion in Alberta, or 1.7% of provincial GDP
  • $915 million in Saskatchewan, or 1.3% of provincial GDP
  • $1.6 billion in Manitoba, or 2.5% of provincial GDP