Statistical Insights on the Arts is a quantitative research series, created by Hill Strategies in 2002, that aims to provide reliable, recent and insightful data on the state of the arts in Canada. Statistical Insights on the Arts is funded by the Department of Canadian Heritage, the Ontario Arts Council, and the Canada Council for the Arts.
Hill Strategies regrets to inform our readers that the funding consortium for the Statistical Insights on the Arts series has suspended funding for the reports in 2016/17, due to a lack of currently-available, arts-relevant datasets. On a related note, the no-fee presentation series has also been suspended in 2016/17.
Many Canadians show their support for arts and culture organizations through the time and money that they give as volunteers and donors. The key findings of the report are that:
- The equivalent of 56,000 jobs were volunteered by 900,000 Canadians in arts and culture organizations in 2013.
- The 107 million hours contributed to arts and culture organizations represent an average of 120 hours per volunteer – more hours, on average, than volunteers in any other type of organization.
- Between 2004 and 2013, the number of volunteers in arts and culture organizations increased by 23%, much higher than the 7% increase in all volunteers.
- In 2013, $162 million was donated to arts and culture organizations by over 1 million Canadians (3% of the population 15 and older). This represents, on average, $159 per donor to arts and culture organizations.
- After adjusting for inflation, donations to arts and culture organizations increased by 46% between 2007 and 2013, a much greater increase than the 16% growth in donations to all types of not-for-profit organizations during the same timeframe.
- Between 2007 and 2013, the number of arts and culture donors increased by 34%, the highest rate of increase among 11 types of organizations, well above the 6% increase in all donors during the same timeframe.
- The four Western provinces have the highest volunteer and donor rates in the arts and culture.
This report has a two-pronged goal: 1) to examine the post-secondary educational qualifications of artists in Canada; and 2) to provide information about the occupations and workforce characteristics of graduates of post-secondary arts programs. One of the key findings of the report is that there is limited overlap between visual and performing arts graduates and working as an artist.
Artists and Cultural Workers in Canadian Municipalities examines the number, incomes, and demographic characteristics of artists and cultural workers by municipal size. Among the report’s key findings:
- Victoria, Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal have the highest concentration of artists.
- Artists tend to reside in the largest cities in Canada.
- Artists’ average incomes are highest in the largest cities.
- Half of artists in Canada’s 11 largest cities have a bachelors’ degree or higher (51%).
- Artists in Canada’s 11 largest cities have relatively low proportion of women (48%), people 55 and older (21%) and Aboriginal people (1.8%).
- Artists in small towns: high proportion of women (55%), people 55 and older (33%), and Aboriginal people (5.5%).
- Artists in small towns: low proportion of university grads (33%) and immigrants (14%).
- Number of cultural workers as percentage of overall labour force increases by size of municipality.
- Vancouver, Victoria, Toronto, and Montreal have the highest concentration of cultural workers.
This report shows that, among the ten provinces, British Columbia has the largest percentage of its labour force in arts occupations (1.08%). British Columbia has 24,800 artists who spent more time at their art than at any other occupation in May of 2011. Ontario also has a higher concentration of artists (0.87%) than the Canadian average (0.78%). With 58,100 artists, Ontario has more than twice as many artists as any other province.
In Canada, the average incomes of artists are 32% lower than the average incomes in the overall labour force. Artists' average incomes are well below the overall labour force average in every province. In Quebec, artists come closest to overall labour force incomes, with a difference of 22%. Quebec and Ontario are the only provinces where artists' average incomes from all sources ($34,000 and $34,900, respectively) are above the Canadian average ($32,800).
Among the provinces and territories, the Yukon has the highest percentage of its labour force in cultural occupations (4.62%, well above the national average of 3.82%). There are 970 cultural workers in the Yukon. British Columbia has the second-highest percentage of its labour force in cultural occupations (4.34%). British Columbia has 100,100 cultural workers. Ontario has 4.09% of its labour force in cultural occupations (273,300 workers). The percentages in Quebec (4.04%, 165,200 workers) and Nunavut (3.99%, 510 workers) are also above the Canadian average (3.82%).