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Heritage institutions 2005

Catalogue no. 87F0002XIE

September 18, 200718 September 2007

Museums, galleries and performing arts

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Statistics Canada’s 2005 heritage institutions survey provides broad statistics about non-profit andfor-profit heritage organizations, including art galleries, museums, historic sites, zoos and botanical gardens. Heritage organizations that are part of a larger organization, such as university-affiliated art galleries, are excluded from the survey. For the first time this year, only limited details are available regarding heritage organizations: neither the Daily summary nor the free detailed tables provides revenue breakdowns, attendance data, volunteer data, the sample size or an estimate of the overall number of heritage organizations. These omissions seriously limit the usefulness of the Statistics Canada survey, which was re-designed last year.

Total revenues were $1.04 billion for all heritage organizations in 2005, a 1.1% increase from 2004 (not adjusted for inflation).

On a provincial basis, the revenues of Ontario-based organizations totalled $387 million (37% of the Canadian total), while Quebec-based organizations accounted for $314 million (30% of Canadian revenues). The revenues of British Columbia-based heritage organizations totalled $157 million (15% of national revenues), while their Alberta counterparts accounted for $81 million (8%).

For non-profit organizations, total revenues were $924 million, representing 89% of the sectoral total but only a 0.2% increase from 2004. Non-profit museums (other than art galleries) had total revenues of $441 million in 2005, a 0.6% decrease from 2004. Non-profit art galleries reported total revenues of $246 million, a 1.3% increase from 2004. Non-profit zoos and botanical gardens had total revenues of $152 million in 2005, a 3.3% increase from 2004. Finally, non-profit historic and heritage sites reported total revenues of $85 million in 2005, a 3.9% decrease from 2004.

Total expenditures in the non-profit heritage sector were $1.03 billion in 2005, including $477 million (46%) in staff salaries, wages and benefits. Staff costs increased by 4% between 2004 and 2005.

The non-profit heritage sector in Canada registered essentially a balanced budget (a very small collective deficit of $1.3 million, or 0.1% of revenues). However, three types of not-for-profit heritage organizations registered a collective deficit in 2005, including museums ($9.1 million, or 2.1% of revenues), art galleries ($3.8 million, or 1.5% of revenues), and historic and heritage sites ($1.0 million, or 1.2% of revenues). Only zoos and botanical gardens posted a surplus ($12.5 million, or 8.2% of revenues).

The total revenues of for-profit heritage organizations were $117 million in 2005, an 8.4% increase from 2004. Before-tax profits amounted to $15 million, a profit margin of 12.7%.

The summary data tables for heritage institutions are available at

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