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Heritage institutions 2006

Catalogue no. 87F0002XIE

December 8, 20088 December 2008

Government expenditures on culture / Museums and art galleries / Performing arts organizations

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Statistics Canada’s 2006 heritage institutions survey provides detailed statistics about non-profit and for-profit heritage organizations, including art galleries, museums, historic sites, zoos and botanical gardens. Heritage organizations that are part of a larger organization, such as university-affiliated art galleries, are excluded from the survey.

Total revenues were $1.05 billion for all heritage organizations in 2006, a 1.3% increase from 2005 (not adjusted for inflation).

On a provincial basis, the revenues of Ontario-based organizations totalled $387 million (37% of the Canadian total), while Quebec-based organizations accounted for $309 million (29% of Canadian revenues). The revenues of British Columbia-based heritage organizations totalled $161 million (15% of national revenues), while their Alberta counterparts accounted for $92 million (9%).

For non-profit heritage organizations, total revenues were $928 million, representing 88% of the sectoral total but only a 0.4% increase from 2005. Non-profit museums (other than art galleries) had total revenues of $435 million in 2006, a 1.2% decrease from 2005. Non-profit art galleries reported total revenues of $258 million, a 4.7% increase from 2005. Non-profit zoos and botanical gardens had total revenues of $153 million in 2006, a 0.8% increase from 2005. Finally, non-profit historic and heritage sites reported total revenues of $81 million in 2006, a 4.2% decrease from 2005.

Total expenditures in the non-profit heritage sector were $927 million in 2006, including $430 million (46%) in staff salaries, wages and benefits. Staff costs decreased by 1.4% between 2005 and 2006.

Collectively, the non-profit heritage sector in Canada registered a balanced budget in 2006. However, not-for-profit museums registered a collective deficit in 2006 ($17.7 million, or 4.1% of revenues), as did historic and heritage sites ($0.5 million deficit, or 0.7% of revenues). On the other hand, not-for-profit art galleries registered a surplus ($5.4 million, or 2.1% of revenues), as did zoos and botanical gardens ($13.7 million, or 9.0% of revenues).

The total revenues of for-profit heritage organizations were $127 million in 2006, a 7.9% increase from 2005. Before-tax profits amounted to $10 million, a profit margin of 8.0%. The largest component of for-profit heritage organizations is zoos and botanical gardens, which had revenues of $102 million in 2006.

The summary data tables for heritage institutions are available at

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