Notes regarding Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators
IssueEconomic benefits of culture
Statistics Canada’s report on Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators (PTCI) measures the direct economic and employment impact of the arts, culture, and heritage, similar to the 2010 Culture Satellite Account (CSA). The PTCI estimates are based on economic projections, so they should not be considered as precise as the CSA data.
Both datasets capture direct impacts only, thereby excluding potential indirect and induced impacts of culture. (Indirect impacts would capture the re-spending of the expenditures of cultural organizations, and induced impacts would include the re-spending of wages earned by cultural workers and suppliers’ workers.)
Statistics Canada provides two sets of related estimates: culture products (i.e., production of culture goods and services from establishments in both culture and non-culture industries) and culture industries (i.e., production of culture and non-culture goods and services from establishments within the culture industries). In this summary, the culture industry estimates are used for comparisons with other sectors of the Canadian economy. As stated by Statistics Canada, “the industry perspective of the PTCI is more comparable to GDP by industry” than the product perspective. Data for specific areas within the cultural sector are only available from the product perspective.
In addition to the publication Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, the culture sector data in this summary are drawn from Statistics Canada’s CANSIM tables related to Culture and sport indicators by domain and sub-domain, by province and territory, product perspective (Table 387-0012) and industry perspective (387-0013). Data for other sectors of the economy are drawn from CANSIM Table 379-0030: Gross domestic product (GDP) at basic prices, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), provinces and territories.