Performing arts 2005
Catalogue no. 87F0003XIE
IssueMuseums, galleries and performing arts
Statistics Canada’s 2005 performing arts survey provides broad statistics about non-profit andfor-profit theatre, musical theatre, dinner theatre, opera, dance, musical groups (e.g., orchestras, chamber music and popular music groups) and others (e.g., circus, magic shows, ice skating shows). For the first time this year, only limited details are available regarding performing arts organizations: neither the Daily summary nor the free detailed tables provides revenue breakdowns, attendance data, volunteer data, the number of performances, the sample size or an estimate of the overall number of performing arts organizations. These omissions seriously limit the usefulness of the Statistics Canada survey, which was re-designed last year.
Total revenues were $1.2 billion for all performing arts groups in 2005, a 2.2% increase from 2004 (not adjusted for inflation).
On a provincial basis, the revenues of Quebec-based organizations totalled $514 million in 2005 (42% of the Canadian total). Quebec’s for-profit performing arts sector is quite large, possibly due to the presence of for-profit circus groups based in the province. The province’s for-profit performing arts groups accounted for $354 million, or 55% of total revenues in the for-profit performing arts in Canada. On the non-profit side, Quebec organizations accounted for $160 million, or 27% of the revenues of all Canadian non-profit performing arts organizations.
Ontario-based for-profit and non-profit organizations accounted for $430 million (35% of the Canadian total). The revenues of British Columbia-based performing arts organizations totalled $104 million (8% of national revenues), while their Alberta counterparts accounted for $90 million (7%).
Overall, non-profit performing arts organizations in Canada had total revenues of $584 million, representing 48% of the $1.2 billion sectoral total but only a 0.2% increase from 2004. Non-profit theatre companies had total revenues of $283 million in 2005, a 0.1% increase from 2004. Non-profit music organizations reported total revenues of $140 million, a 3.4% increase from 2004. Dance companies had total revenues of $80 million in 2005, a 1.2% decrease from 2004. Non-profit opera and music theatre companies also experienced a slight decrease in revenues, from $70 million in 2004 to $69 million in 2005 (a 0.6% decrease). There are few non-profit performing arts companies in the “other” category (revenues of only $12 million in 2005).
In the non-profit performing arts, total expenses were slightly higher than total revenues, leaving a collective deficit of $2.5 million in 2005 (0.4% of total revenues). Non-profit dance and theatre companies reported essentially balanced budgets in 2005, with dance organizations registering a deficit of $0.1 million (0.2% of revenues) and theatre companies reporting a $0.2 million surplus (0.1% of revenues). Non-profit music organizations registered the largest collective deficits ($2.0 million, or 1.5% of revenues), followed by opera and music theatre companies ($0.7 million, 1.0% of revenues). “Other” performing arts companies reported a $0.2 million surplus, or 1.8% of revenues.
In 2004, Statistics Canada’s detailed tables showed that 55% of the total expenditures of non-profit performing arts organizations went toward personnel costs, including staff salaries, benefits and contractor fees. In 2005, the expenditures on contractor fees were excluded from the calculation. Staff wages, salaries and benefits amounted to $193 million in 2005, representing 33% of total expenses and a 5% increase from 2004.
The total revenues of for-profit performing arts organizations were $640 million in 2005, 52% of the sectoral total and a 4.0% increase from 2004. Before-tax profits amounted to $55 million, a profit margin of 8.6%.
The summary data tables for performing arts organizations are available at http://www.statcan.ca/english/freepub/87F0003XIE/87F0003XIE2007001.htm.