Performing arts (2009)
Statistics Canada recently released summary data of performing arts organizations in 2009. The performing arts survey provides information about for-profit and not-for-profit theatre, musical theatre, dinner theatre, opera, dance, musical groups (e.g., orchestras, chamber music and popular music groups) and other organizations (e.g., circus, ice skating shows). In 2009, as in other odd-numbered years, only summary data is provided. In even-numbered years, the data is more detailed, including, for example, attendance data and breakdowns of revenue sources (earned, public or private sector). Hill Strategies has analyzed the summary data for 2009 for this issue of the Arts Research Monitor.
Total revenues were $1.3 billion for all for-profit and not-for-profit performing arts groups in 2009, a 3.7% decrease from 2008 (not adjusted for inflation).
Not-for-profit performing arts organizations in Canada had total revenues of $643 million in 2009, representing 48% of the $1.3 billion sectoral total. Total revenues of not-for-profit organizations decreased by 3.8% between 2008 and 2009 (not adjusted for inflation). Total expenses ($644 million) were slightly higher than total revenues, leaving a collective deficit of $1.1 million in 2009 (0.2% of total revenues). Salaries, wages and benefits (excluding fees paid to contract workers) account for 36% of not-for-profit performing arts organizations’ expenses.
No attendance data or breakdown of revenue sources (earned, public or private sector) is provided in the summary data for 2009.
The $643 million in revenues of not-for-profit organizations in 2009 breaks down by discipline as follows:
- Not-for-profit theatre companies had total revenues of $314 million in 2009, a 3.2% decrease from 2008 (not adjusted for inflation). Collectively, not-for-profit theatre companies reported a $3.6 million surplus (1.2% of revenues).
- Not-for-profit music organizations reported total revenues of $154 million, a 2.7% decrease from 2008. Not-for-profit music organizations reported a $0.8 million deficit (1.0% of revenues).
- Not-for-profit opera and music theatre companies accounted for $77 million in revenues in 2009, a 12.2% decrease from 2008. Not-for-profit opera and music theatre companies reported a $4.8 million deficit (3.1% of revenues).
- The situation of not-for-profit dance, multidisciplinary or other organizations was not reported by Statistics Canada because of confidentiality concerns.
On a provincial basis, Ontario-based not-for-profit organizations accounted for $265 million in revenues (41% of the Canadian total). The revenues of Quebec-based organizations totalled $176 million in 2009 (27% of the Canadian total). British Columbia-based not-for-profit performing arts organizations accounted for $75 million (12% of national revenues), while their Alberta counterparts had total revenues of $73 million (11%)
The total revenues of for-profit performing arts organizations were $688 million in 2009, 52% of the sectoral total and a 3.6% decrease from 2008. Before-tax profits amounted to $50 million, for a profit margin of 7.2%. Quebec’s for-profit performing arts sector is quite large, possibly due to the presence of for-profit circus groups based in the province. The province’s for-profit performing arts groups had total revenues of $346 million, or one-half of the total for all for-profit performing arts companies in Canada.